Sudan has long been beset by conflict and the violent oppression of ethnic minorities, a characteristic of the regime since Omar Bashir seized power in a military coup in 1989. A ‘Comprehensive Peace Agreement’ ended the north-south civil war in 2005, paving the way for the independence of the South. It was meant to end war across Sudan. However, it failed to address ethnic cleansing in Darfur, which by then had driven two million people from their homes and killed more than 200,000. The deal also left the Nuba (the people of South Kordofan’s Nuba Mountains) on the north side of the new border, in the hands of a regime that had committed systematic atrocities against them during the 1990s.